Where testing procedures are established under ISO, the International Standards Organization, and these procedures are relevant to assessing the compliance of fishing methods with some or all of the standards requirements, ISO procedures apply, if any. Since 1985, Newfoundland and Labrador has regulated humane trapping standards. The requirements for cervical beak locking, a ban on the use of dense or dental traps, and the requirement of tree owners for aquatic species are just a few examples of human trap standards. However, to ensure that our wild furs can continue to be sold on European markets, Canada has signed the International Humane Trapping Standards (AIHTS) agreement with Russia and the European Union (EU). The agreement sets performance standards for traps used to harvest and control 19 species of Furbear. Eight (8) of these species exist in our province. These species are beavers, Ermine (Weasel), coyote, lynx, marten, muskrat, otter and wolf. The agreement does not apply to mink, foxes or squirrels. In order to meet the case certification requirements, manufacturers must have tested or tested, through a credible screening body, any fishing gear they wish to market for use in Canada for the registration of one of the twelve Canadian species listed in the AIHTS.
This applies to mechanically powered activated restraints and kill devices, as well as live boxing or cage traps. The species are beavers, mum rat, river otter, marten, fisherman, raccoon, badger, ermine, coyote, wolf, lynx and bobcat. The audit must follow the procedures described in the certification program document “International Humane Trapping Standards – Trap Certification Procedures and Protocol to be Applied by Canadian Competent Authorities.” This document also contains the intrap performance requirements contained in the AIHTS. Under the AIHTS, the parties (currently Canada, the EU and Russia) guarantee not to impose trade restrictions on fur products from listed species from other signatory countries. The agreement establishes dispute settlement procedures and does not affect the right to use the WTO (World Trade Organization). The agreement on international human stocking standards applies to listed species (19 in total) regardless of the reason for the fall, including: AIHTS requires that appropriate traps be certified as AIHTS compliance, first until the fall of 2007. Currently, if there is no case for a given type, the agreement requires that the search continue to look for pitfalls that meet the correct standards. Under the agreement, the parties must ensure that appropriate procedures are in place to enable the use of traps, as well as the application and regulation of fishing legislation and the use of traps in their area of jurisdiction. It is also recommended to manage trapper training using human devices/methods. The agreement also supports the inclusion of ISO testing methods in the Trap certification process. When reviewing fishing systems, it is necessary to assess an appropriate range of measures for the welfare of captured animals. While these measures, in particular additional behavioural and physiological measures, have not been developed and have been used for a large number of species, their use in these standards for the species concerned must be verified by scientific studies conducted to determine initial values, areas of response and other relevant measures.
The aim of this agreement is to improve the welfare of animals when recovering wild animals, to comply with EU rules on the human capture of wildlife and thus to gain access to the European wild fur market.